The Hemp Plant & The Human Body-Everything You Need to Know

CBD Educator - CBD UK Law - What is CBD?

You’ve undoubtedly heard of hemp, THC, and CBD, but did you know that there 113 different compounds of the cannabis plant?

It’s true, and each compound brings its own health benefits to the table.

With so many different interactions to study, scientists have their work cut out. Fortunately for us, researchers have revealed a good deal about the top cannabinoids found in most strains.

So, let’s dive deep and take a look at CBD, CBG, CBC, CBN, and Terpenes, the most common compounds in the cannabis plant.

The List of Cannabinoids in the Hemp Plant. Hemp CBD, CBN, THC, CBG, CBC,THCV and terpines.

Hemp & The UK, Important Legal Information

In the UK, hemp and CBD have a challenging history.

However, CBD is legal under certain criteria.

A few key points to keep in mind about the legalities of Hemp.

-Pure CBD is legal in UK food, oil, and drink products.

-Products that contain more than 0.2% THC is illegal in the UK

-Full-spectrum CBD products are illegal in the UK because they contain THC

-Broad-spectrum products that contain CBN are also illegal

-Cannabinoids such as CBG exist in a weird grey area.

-EU industrial hemp must be under <0.2% THC, but only farmers are affected by this law. For more information about legal CBD use in the UK, check out the government’s official explanation.

The Most Important Cannabinoids in the Hemp Plant—What You Need to Know

The hemp plant is one of the most harvested agricultural products in the world. Industrial hemp is typically a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant grown for industrial use. It grows extremely fast and can be used for countless products from clothing to paper and beyond.

However, inside the hemp plant, there are over 400 chemical entities, 60 of which are cannabinoid compounds.

While we cannot go in-depth into every compound, there are a few that are of particular importance to your health.

Let’s take a look at…

  • CBD
  • CBG
  • CBC
  • CBN
  • Terpenes


CBD is the second most well-known cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, CBD has no psychoactive effects. It also binds with CB-2 receptors in the body. It is one of over a hundred phytocannabinoids.

From a therapeutic standpoint, CBD provides much of the same benefits that THC offers without the psychoactive components. No intense high, all the health benefits of the Cannabis plant, and few to no side-effects, CBD is a near-perfect supplement.

What It Does To The Body

CBD offers multiple benefits to the body including:

  • Stress reduction
  • Increased appetite
  • Improved sleep
  • Reduced anxiety
  • Pain relief
  • Reduces symptoms of depression
  • Alleviates cancer symptoms
  • Potential heart health benefits

Countless CBD research studies have also revealed potential benefits that include antipsychotic properties, substance abuse treatment potential, diabetes prevention, and anti-tumor properties.

For some people, however, there are negative side effects to consider before consuming CBD oil. Studies have shown patients experienced diarrhea, fatigue, and changes in weight and appetite.

Just like with any other supplement, it’s a good idea to talk to your doctor before consuming CBD. Start with a small dosage and increase it over time to reduce negative side effects.


CBG (cannabigerol) is a lesser-known cannabinoid, but one that is garnered quite a bit of attention from researchers. Unfortunately, it is not found in high quantities in most strains. Even the strains that do contain this cannabinoid only have about 1% of it. For this reason, breeders are working to create new strains that have higher levels of CBG. Higher levels of CBG can also be extracted by pinpointing the right timeline when the plant flowers, typically six to eight weeks.

Pure Spectrum CBD is derived from superior genetics organic Hemp seeds and is able to increase the amount of CBG extracted from the hemp plant.

What It Does To The Body

CBG is one of the most exciting compounds of the cannabis plant. While CBD gets all the critical acclaim for its health benefits, CBG holds out promise in curing some of the most lethal illnesses known to man.

Researchers have shown that CBG can fight the following physical ailments:

  • Inflammation
  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Glaucoma
  • IBS
  • Chron’s Disease

In addition to the above, CBG has also shown to be beneficial in treating cancer. Colorectal cancer, in particular, has proven to be no match for CBG in studies involving mice. Researchers discovered that CBG inhibits the growth of tumors and stimulated colon carcinogenesis.

CBG has also proven to be an appetite stimulant in rats which could prevent the wasting disease associated with late-stage cancer.


First discovered in 1966, CBC is one of the most important components of the cannabis plant. It is non-psychoactive, just like CBD, and is considered to be a minor cannabinoid. Unlike CBG, it is the second-most prominent cannabinoid found in the plant. In fact, in certain strains, it makes up over 60% of the plant’s compound profile.

What It Does To The Body

CBC offers countless benefits to the body. Of particular interest to scientists are its potential neuroplasticity and neurogenesis benefits, both of which are critical to health and development. And since CBC is non-intoxicating, the research is promising. Here are a few of the most common benefits of CBC, particularly when interacting with other cannabinoids.

  • Cancer-fighting
  • Pain & Inflammation
  • Brain Cells support
  • Fights Acne
  • Reduces Depression
  • Chronic Pain Relief
  • Antibacterial properties


CBN (cannabinol) is one of the cannabis compounds that is illegal in the UK market. This is because it is psychoactive. This effect puts it atop the naughty list, from the government’s eye-view. However, its psychoactive properties are minimal in comparison with THC. In most popular strains it is found at very low levels.

What It Does To The Body

CBN can be used for multiple physical ailments. Some of the most well-known benefits of CBN include:

  • Sedative effect for insomnia
  • Pain Reliever
  • Antibiotic
  • Anti-Inflammatory
  • Cancer-Fighting
  • Appetite Stimulant


Terpenes in Hemp CBD oil. Full list of Terpenses that provide the entourage effect, however is difficult to keep during extraction process.

Terpenes are perhaps the most appealing, from your nose’s perspective, part of the cannabis plant. They are highly aromatic compounds that create the smell of any plant or herb you can smell.

Many of the scents you’re familiar with in your favorite products come from terpenes. Some terpenes also play a role in protecting plants from damage or in protecting them through immune system support.

In the human body, however, terpenes act on the endocannabinoid system in a similar way to cannabinoids. Your body absorbs these compounds in unique ways.

What It Does To The Body

Interestingly, these aromatic properties of the cannabis plant also provide numerous potential health benefits. Depending on the scent, there are specific potential health benefits that include:

  • Anxiety & Depression Relief
  • Anti-Inflammatory
  • Anti-Bacterial
  • Anti-Cancer

For example, a floral aroma is associated with the Bisabolol terpenes which holds anti-inflammatory, anti-irritant, and anti-microbial. Depending on which aroma a particular strain has, there are different benefits.

For even further information please refer to our frequently asked questions page

Broad Spectrum CBD in the UK

With all this great information about CBD, you might be wondering, how does my average bottle of broad-spectrum CBD stack up with these properties?

The answer is complicated.

For starters, in the UK, CBN is illegal because it is a psychoactive compound. So, a true broad-spectrum product could not be sold within the UK.

At PureConnectCBD, our products contain trace amounts of all of the compounds above, but are within the negligible limit and cannot be classified as broad spectrum.

When you run into CBD Hemp products that claim they have a broad spectrum ingredients list, be wary. Most of this is marketing and is not transparent. You need to interrogate their certificate of analysis or lab test results.

PureConnect aims for full transparency and we adhere to all regulations of the Food Standard Agency. We also upload all our Lab test results for full transparency.

Ready to start taking advantage of top-quality cannabis products?

When you buy a bottle from us today, enjoy 10% off your first order! Code: FIRST

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